The consumption of alcohol or drugs are placing an enormous burden on the UK society apart from negatively affecting every aspect of the individual's life, having an impact of their family, friends and the community at large.
The link between the trio or drugs, alcohol and criminal activities is the major area where the risk of drug and alcohol abuse is pertinent.
In an estimate, 80% of crimes leading to imprisonment in the UK ranging from domestic violence, drug offences, property crimes, public-order crimes and being intoxicated while driving, the implication of alcohol and drugs in most cases has been observed.
Because of the part alcoholism and drug addiction has played, the country's number of inmates has skyrocketed way above normal capacity.
A large number of individuals who are behind bars have admitted to having been drunk at the time they were arrested and the problem can also be noted by the influence of alcohol in a large number of violent crimes that occur nowadays.
Violent crimes ranging from rape, murder, child and spouse abuse, and assault are mostly linked with alcohol consumption compared to other drugs. Around 3 million violent crimes occur within the country every year, and most victims are left with the perception that the offender could have been consuming alcohol. The statistics related to alcohol abuse by violent offenders generally provide evidence that nearly 50% of all homicides and assaults are committed when both the offender, and the victim were indulging in the consumption of alcohol. The offender in most cases of violent crimes will most likely be drinking alcohol than taking other drugs, except in cases of robberies.
In cases of attacks where both parties knew each other, alcohol is quite often involved. Only 31% of crimes are reported to have been done by unfamiliar people resulting from alcohol consumption, in comparison to a staggering two-thirds, where the victim was abused by a known person, such as current or ex spouse, workmate, boyfriend or girlfriend. Nearly 500,000 incidents between intimate individuals involved offenders who have been consuming alcohol. Additionally, 118,000 incidents of family violence excluding spouses involve alcohol along with 744,000 incidents, which are carried out by acquaintances.
There exists a difficult connection between crime and drugs, and it is debatable if drug abusers are already involved in crime, or if they are led to those activities as a result of drugs.
In many cases criminals abstain from illegal drugs, while at times, illegal drug users commit no other form of crime. Meanwhile, the relationship between crime and chronic drug use is high and direct, and constant use of drugs can trigger other innate criminal tendencies.
When it comes to illicit substances, there are usually three kinds of drug-related law violations:
Drug users are more like to be caught doing crimes that are related to funding their drug habit, like burglary, theft, or robbery. For instance, in 2004, 17% of prisoners admitted that they had committed the crime for which they had been incarcerated solely to obtain money for drugs. Men, women, and children who are involved in or exploited by the sex trade and in the criminal justice system also have close links to drug use. Evidence is available that the use of drugs was both a pre-determining factor within the sexual exploitation and as a means to cope with it.
In the UK alone, over a million people are arrested for drunk driving which accounts for the third frequently reported crime committed offense. Alcohol has been found to be involved in close to 40% of all road accidents where someone died, and operating a vehicle while drunk or high is the primary cause of harm, disability, and loss of life in young people who haven't reached the age of 21. 36 people die daily and nearly 700 sustain injuries, multiple fractures resulting from motor vehicle accidents involving drunk drivers. Tranquilizes (e.g., maryjane and cocaine) if used in combination with liquor is a chief cause for 18% of motor vehicle accident deaths.
It has been estimated that one-eighth of weekend and nigh time motorists gave positive results when screened for drugs in 2007, as reported by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. One out of every eight seniors in high school responded to a study conducted in 2010 confirmed that they had been driving after smoking marijuana within two weeks earlier in the survey interview.
Pain killers' prescription drugs used to relieve worry and correct lack of sleep have instructions prohibiting users from manning such machinery, which includes, driving heavy motor vehicles during specific doctor's direction duration of using the drug. Fatal driving and other dangerous behavior are usually the consequence of not following doctor's prescription or mishandled medication without medicinal supervision.
Nearly 80% of children and teenage arrestees within juvenile justice systems were under the influence of alcohol or drugs when the crimes were committed, tested positive for drugs, got arrested for committing an alcohol or a drug offence, admitted having substance abuse and addiction problems or have shared a combination of these characteristics.
Just 68,600 of young people received medical care for their substance misuse problem from the 1.9 million out 2.4 million who were apprehended by the law for crimes where substance misuse and dependency was involved.
When it comes to domestic violence involving spouses, three out of four occurrences allegedly included a guilty party who had been utilizing liquor.
Higher rates of alcohol and drug abuse and other well-being issues were reported by adult females whose significant others had assaulted them within the last year, as reported by a study that was conducted in 1999. Among the women who experienced physical violence, about 33% reported problems with drugs and alcohol as compared to 16% among the women who did not experience bodily violence.
Domestic violence can also affect other members of the family. A study which was conducted in the UKrevealed that children who witnessed the abuse of their maternal caregiver were 50% likelier to abuse drugs and/or alcohol.
For victims of domestic violence, 55% of the cases involved alcohol while only 9% involved drugs; for spousal violence, alcohol was involved 65% of the time while only 5% for drugs.
No reported child abuse cases are distinctively tied to alcohol abuse, however, numerous aspects are known to influence and lead to child molestation. Parenting stress can build and increase the likely hood of parents hitting a child when they abuse substances, lose of contact with society and individuals, and succumb to family pressures. 4 in 10 reported cases on child molestation can be traced to drinking during occurrence of the incident.
Half of the inmates depend on substances and meet drug abuse standard yardstick however, only 20 of the number in need of help benefit from the treatment.
Preventing future crime and re-arrest after a discharge is extremely likely without treatment for addiction and this is a reality for many in the criminal-justice system. 95% of prisoners relapse into drug and alcohol addiction upon release from prison, 60 - 80% take part in drug new crimes having served time in prison for breaking law in similar cases.
Treatment is the only option for breaking the criminal justice cycle for wrongdoers with medication and liquor issues. Medial care has been shown to be effective by research -- this proves that remaining free from alcohol and drugs is possible for individuals, especially since many have managed to do so before. Research also indicates reduction of substance abuse is equal to criminal acts decline. Individuals should be able to get the assistance they need in prison or jail.
Treatment likewise spares cash. One research which was conducted earlier revealed that for every dollar spent for the treatment for substance abuse lead to savings of about '5.60 because of fewer arrests, incarcerations, food stamp use, fewer child welfare and medical costs. As the criminal conduct diminishes as liquor and medication utilize diminish, it also go a long way in saving tax money through proper medication counteractive action and treatment.