In 2013, there were between 220 and 260 people that were killed in UK accidents where at least one of the drivers involved had consumed alcohol beyond the limits specified. There were an estimated 240 fatalities. Though the rate of accidents caused by drunk drivers has witnessed a huge drop within the last 35 years, we still have these high figures.
Between 1979 and 2012, the number of fatal injuries and deaths due to drunk driving has fallen by more than 75%.
The limit for alcohol in the blood, breath and urine in Wales and England is 80mg, 35 microgrammes and 107 mg per 100 millilitres of each respectively.
The limit is much less in other countries, as low as 50mg/100ml of blood, in other countries in Europe.
Compared to other countries in the UK, the blood alcohol limit for motorist in Scotland is unique. The recent limit was set in 2014, where the drinking limit was only 50mg per 100ml of blood. The breath alcohol equivalent was also reduced to 22 microgrammes of alcohol for 100 mL of breath.
The Scottish Government have altered their drink drive limit in order to bring Scotland in line with most other European countries, this has aided in saving lives and make Scotland's roads safer.
You can't take a shortcut in this matter. Each individual's limit is different in regards to how much alcohol they can consume to say they have exceed the limit.
It is determined by:
Minor quantities of alcohol can affect your driving and therefore, the best advice that can be provided is to avoid any alcohol if you intend to drive.
Alcohol badly affects the body's functions which are used during driving:
Seeing while driving is much more difficult since alcohol can cause double or blurred vision. If the brain as well as the sight does not work properly, chances are that you will end up in a dangerous situation.
Alcohol is very dangerous and if you are in a delicate situation, like driving, then it is better to drink afterwards, not before going to drive.
Police will pull you over and conduct a test on your breath when they suspect that you may be operating a vehicle with blood alcohol levels that exceed the limit. The breathalyser is the tool for this test.
They will escort you to the nearest police unit and perform a more thorough screening of your breath when the normal breathalyser results are inconclusive or if they have valid reasons to suspect that you are operating a vehicle under the influence. There is a more advanced breathalyser at the police unit and you must give two additional breath samples.
To determine whether you are driving above the limit, the breath specimen that reads lower will be used.
Where the evidential breath sample is in the region of 40% over the limit, you will be provided with an opportunity to replace the breath specimen with blood or urine and the decision to the test to be taken will be determined by the police. You will be charged only when the samples indicate that you are above the given limit.
If you're involved in an accident or committed an offence such as making a wrong turn or passing a red light or given the authorities any reason to suspect you may be under the influence, a breath test may be carried out.
The police have been given the discretion to stop any vehicle and will often award you drink driving checkpoints over occasions such as Christmas and New Year's Eve.
The fine for driving while over the legal alcohol limit can be up to 5000 pounds and you can also have your license suspended for 12 months or more. You also have the chances of receiving 3 to 11 penalty driving points. Up to 6 months jail term may also be given to you. The period of disqualification, imprisonment, the size of the fine and the penalty points accumulated will depend on the seriousness of the offence. You will be barred from operating a vehicle for 3 years if you they find you driving under the influence at least two times within a decade.