Why Additional Medication Is Used
To reduce the possibility of relapsing and to ease withdrawal symptoms, the use of other drugs during the treatment process has become quite common. In some cases, use of medicine assists users to keep away from the addictive substances. When the withdrawal side effects are too much then sometimes users surrender and stop taking medications and relapse. Medicines for addiction medical care can be prescribed as a segment of an inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation program. The monitoring physician keeps altering the amount the patient takes for maximum benefit.
Some medicines can imitate the symptoms of habit-forming drugs, which alleviates withdrawal effects and cravings.
Drug Withdrawal And Detoxing
The body has to get rid of the last remnants of the drug in the first stage of recovery. This process is known as detox or cleansing Depending on the drug the detox stage can last as long as several days to several weeks.
The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. Depending on the usage and history of drug, the rigorousness of withdrawal signs may vary. The most terrible signs are appeared in the case of those who have been using the drugs for longer period of time with high dosage.
The patient may experience horrible symptoms during detox. These are some side effects
- Uncontrollable shaking
- Aches in the muscles
There are a list of different medications that can be used during detox. Some of the drugs prescribed are as follows
- For stress and irritability reduction.
- Anxiety is a prevalent withdrawal side effect from a lot of Opiates, such as Cocaine and Heroin.
- The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
- Benzos are addictive so physicians are careful about prescribing those.
- An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
- People recovering from drug addiction tend to suffer from depression since their brains can't produce dopamine normally.
- Until the brain is capable to generate joy - inducing chemicals by itself again, antidepressants, such as Zoloft and Prozac, can assist when it comes to alleviating these sensations.
- Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
- Clonidine is useful for controlling shivering and convulsions.
People who are detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines for instance Valium or Xanax must never leave "cold turkey" in middle as their withdrawal sign can be fatal. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. Medical assistance guarantees protection and accomplishment in detoxification.
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Medicines For Treating Alcohol Addiction
Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction can last from several weeks to a few months depending on the frequency and duration over which alcohol is abused. This event is known as post-acute or prolonged withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
With treatments such as maintenance therapy, the PAWS can be relieved as well as the cravings and they may also make the user unable to stomach alcohol. Patient take these tablets every day.
Medicines for alcohol addiction are
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
- The urge to drink can be reduced.
- Naltrexone might provoke some sickness in stomach or headaches.
- Naltrexone is administered every four weeks via injection.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- The physical and emotional distress caused by alcohol dependency can be eased using this drug.
- It helps those who have gone through detox to stay sober.
- Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- Among the drugs approved for treating alcoholism Disulfiram was the first one.
- Side effects like vomiting are likely to occur if a person taking Disulfiram takes alcohol.
- The intention is that the ones taking disulfiram will not drink alcohol as it will make them feel sick.
You can find out more about medication used in treating alcohol addiction.
Heroin And Opiate Medications
Drugs in the opiate group are Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin. Medications recommended for treating Opiate and Heroin addiction help in reducing the urge to take the drug and accompanying withdrawal symptoms. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.
There withdrawal times are less than a week. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.
Opiate addiction is usually treated using medications such as
- Methadone is a drug used for mild to serious addictions.
- It works by fusing to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the addict high.
- This assists curb strong desires and withdrawal side effects.
- Methadone is prescribed with attention since some patients have become addicted to it instead of Heroin and painkillers.
- It also prevents abuse so it is dispensed daily by clinics..
- More About Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine works in a similar way to Methadone but does not need to be as closely regulated due to the possibility of addiction is far less.
- Instead of having to go for the drug every day at the clinic, the recovering users can go home with the drug.
- The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
- It puts an end to cravings.
- Some of the brain receptors activated by alcohol and opiates are the same and this is why this drug works for both addictions.
Detoxing And Rehab
It is possible to detox at home. This isn't just more difficult, it is also more risky than a medical detoxing. A safe and comfortable location such as a rehab centre is the best way to gain sobriety. Some addictions such as alcohol or benzos are more suited to medical detox.
Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.
Many health problems can be dealt with in a medically supervised detox. Doctors and other medical staff are available to monitor the patient's vital signs. The doctors keep the patient comfortable. Doctors adjust the medication for long-term program and as per the need of patients.
The ones with different health problems should also look for a medical detoxification. Blood pressure can be problematic during detox. Any type of issue is solved by the doctor.
Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. In treatment, the first week usually involves detoxification during which the patient must be closely monitored. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.
Medical rehab is the best choice for helping a loved one gain sobriety call 0800 246 1509.